[Solved]PURPOSE OF THIS ASSIGMET: To improve your scientific literacy and critical thinking, specifically in the area of Astronomy.

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NATS1745 • Term Project Instructions • Page 1 of 5
ATS 1745 Term Project
Please read all the information below carefully before beginning your assignment.
PURPOSE OF THIS ASSIGMET: To improve your scientific literacy and critical thinking,
specifically in the area of Astronomy.
ITRODUCTIO: You are an astronomer and have recently made a discovery that was published in
various popular science journals. You would like to conduct more research pertaining to your
discovery and are therefore submitting a request for funding from a government-sponsored funding
organization for scientific research (such as NSERC, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research
Council of Canada).
ISTRUCTIOS: Throughout the term, you are going to choose three news articles on recent
discoveries in Astronomy from the sources given below. For each article, you will put yourself in the
role of a member of the research team and write a request for more funding. Since your audience is not
likely to be a specialist in your area of research, your writing must be in layperson’s terms.
For each funding request, follow the steps below:
1. Choose your article: Your article must be published on or after the following dates:
Article publication date Request due date
Funding Request #1 On or after May 8, 2016 Tues June 7 by midnight
Funding Request #2 On or after June 8, 2016 Tues July 5 by midnight
Funding Request #3 On or after July 8, 2016 Tues July 26 by midnight
Your article must be chosen from one of the sources below and must contain recent research in
Astronomy on a subject beyond Earth (eg, research from satellite images of planet Earth is not
acceptable). You can use the same source for all articles or you can use different sources for each.
• Astronomy Magazine (News and Observing: Astronomy News): www.astronomy.com/news
• NASA Science News: science.nasa.gov/science-news/
• Astrobiology Magazine: www.astrobio.net
• Universe Today: www.universetoday.com/ (be sure to read the full article, not just the
introduction shown on the title page)
• Scientific American (Space section): www.scientificamerican.com/space
• BBC (Science and Environment): www.bbc.co.uk/news/science_and_environment/ (type
“Astronomy” in the Search box to find Astronomy-related articles)
• New York Times (Science – Space and Cosmos): www.nytimes.com/pages/science/space
• Nature: www.nature.com/subjects/astronomy-and-planetary-science (Note: Nature is written
for an audience with at least a 1st-year undergraduate level of scientific fluency, but if you have
a strong interest in science, I encourage you to challenge yourself!)
• Some articles are only a few paragraphs – be sure that your chosen articles have enough content
to sufficiently complete the requirements in the steps below.
• The article must be a text article (not a video clip).
NATS1745 • Term Project Instructions • Page 2 of 5
• All York students have access to all of the above sources free of charge. If you access the
sources from York’s WIFI network, you will not be asked for subscription fees. If you are
working remotely, you may need to first login to York’s library portal using your Passport
York user ID at www.library.yorku.ca/web/ask-services/computing/off-campus-access/ in order
to avoid subscription fees.
TIP: Making a strong argument is much easier when you are arguing about something that you are
passionate about. When choosing your articles, try to choose something that you feel a strong
reaction to when you read it.
2. Submit the Research Information Form: For each of your funding requests, complete the
corresponding Research Information Form. The links to this form are in the Term Project section of
our Moodle site. This form requires you to enter your article’s title, publication date, publication
source (Astronomy Magazine, Universe Today, etc.), URL and subject (stars, exoplanets, etc).
3. Write your funding request: For each of your requests, download the Funding Request Form. (A
link to this form can also be found in the Term Project section of our Moodle site). Save the form
as a new file and be sure to give the file a unique name so that you don’t overwrite any of your
other versions of this form. Next, complete the form by filling in the following sections:
ARTICLE IFORMATIO: Enter your article’s title, publication date, publication source
(Astronomy Magazine, Universe Today, etc) and URL.
A. RESEARCH SUMMARY (100-150 words): Describe the research being reported in your
article. Be sure to include:
• the name of the research teams and/or institution(s) which conducted the research
• a description of the telescope and observatory used to conduct the research. Be sure to
include the name of the telescope, who owns it (eg, NASA, ESA, etc), where it is (eg, in
Earth-orbit, in Hawaii, etc), and what it is designed for (eg, does it take visible-light images,
or is it a radio dish, or a gamma-ray detector, etc). If the research is theoretical and didn’t
make use of a telescope, describe the datasets or tools used to conduct the research.
• a description of the object or type(s) of objects being studied
B. RESEARCH METHOD (150-200 words): Provide an explanation, in layperson’s terms, of
the method which was used to make the discovery. Usually, the article that you’ve chosen will
include a short summary of the research method. If not, you can look up the telescope’s home
page or wiki article to get more detailed information about the method. If you do include
information from outside your article, don’t forget to include a citation (see the WORKS
CITED section below).
C. RESEARCH RESULTS (250-300 words): Describe, in layperson’s terms, the discoveries
of the research or mission. Be sure to include all important results mentioned in the article.
D. FUDIG JUSTIFICATIO (150-200 words): Describe, in layperson’s terms, the
significance of your discovery and provide a convincing, thoughtful and detailed argument for
why this research deserves more government funding. Here are some important things to keep
in mind when formulating your argument:
• Remember that the funds you are applying for come from taxpayers. Your justification
must therefore explain why you feel that your research is relevant to society (and not just to
NATS1745 • Term Project Instructions • Page 3 of 5
the astronomical community). Imagine you are going door-to-door and asking taxpayers to
fund your research and they are asking you, “How can I, or my family, or my descendents,
benefit from this research?”
• Be sure to address the specific research in your article, as opposed to a branch of
Astronomy in general. Eg, if your article pertains to the search for exoplanets, it is not
sufficient to argue that the search for exoplanets is a beneficial cause. You need to explain
why your specific research is particularly effective at achieving those benefits.
• Avoid vague and general comments. Statements such as “This research contributes to the
important pursuit of astronomical knowledge” will not be awarded marks.
WORKS CITED (OPTIOAL): If you have chosen a short article in which the research is
not presented in detail, you will find it difficult to meet the minimum word count for each
section. In this case, you should look up more information from external sources. Details about
space missions or astronomical objects can usually be found on Wikipedia or on the web pages
published by the institution involved in the research. Information obtained from sources outside
the article must be followed by an in-text citation, and the full bibliographic reference for the
citation must be listed in MLA format under a WORKS CITED section at the end of your
report. The MLA format for web pages can be found here:
TIP: You are given several weeks to do an assignment that shouldn’t take more than a few days to
complete. If you don’t leave it to the last minute, you’ll have plenty of time to browse for articles
and write your reports at a relaxed and enjoyable pace and to turn in high-quality work.
TIP: A completed Funding Request Form from a previous term is provided in the Term Project
section of our Moodle site as an example.
4. Edit your work: When you’ve finished writing your funding request, make sure to have it spellchecked
and get it edited so that you don’t lose marks for poor writing. Here are some ways to get
your work edited:
• Ask a friend or family member with excellent English writing skills, preferably someone with
no science background so they can confirm that your writing is understandable for a layperson.
• Use an editing tool, either built into your word-processor or online. An excellent online
grammar checker is Grammarly (https://www.grammarly.com/).
• Take (or send) your work to York’s Writing Center (http://writing-centre.writ.laps.yorku.ca/).
• Meet with a writing instructor at York’s Learning Commons Hub, located on the 2nd floor of
the Scott Library. Visit the Hub to find out their hours.
• If you are an ESL student, make an appointment at York’s ESL Open Learning Centre
5. Submit your funding request: When you’ve completed and edited your funding request, go to the
Term Project section of our Moodle site and click on the appropriate ‘Funding Request Upload’
link, then click on the ‘Submit to TurnItIn’ icon to upload your completed form.
NATS1745 • Term Project Instructions • Page 4 of 5
6. Check that your form was submitted successfully: After uploading your Funding Request Form,
click on the link in the ‘Similarity’ column (even if it says ‘Pending’). This should open your
report in the TurnItIn Document Viewer. Confirm that your file appears as it should.
7. Check your similarity score: A few hours after submitting your file, your work will be assigned a
‘Similarity’ score. This is the percentage of your content that matches existing sources, such as
web sites or other students’ papers. A similarity score of 0%-30% is normal for this type of project.
If your similarity score is greater than 30%, you should click on the link to your file in the
‘Similarity’ column to open your file in the TurnItIn Document Viewer. Text that has been
matched with existing sources will be highlighted. If the highlighted sections are primarily lists of
names, places, or astronomical objects, then no revisions are necessary. However, if the highlighted
sections contain complete sentences from an existing source, you should rewrite the sentence in
your own words to avoid losing marks. Revised files can be resubmitted up to the deadline.
OTE: If you submit your file within 48 hours of the due date, the similarity report might not be
completed by the submission deadline. This does not mean that your file is late, but it does mean
that you will not be able to revise your file if the similarity score is high. So, try to submit your file
at least 48 hours in advance of the deadline.
 You must complete a Research Information Form for each of your 3 funding requests and the
form must be submitted before the due date for each funding request. If your Research
Information Form is late or missing, a 1-mark penalty will be applied and your work will not be
marked until the end of the term.
 Late submissions will incur a 10% penalty per day. Technical difficulties are not an acceptable
excuse for missing deadlines. Be sure to attempt your submission at least one weekday before
the deadline so you have time to resolve any technical problems that may arise. If you are not
able to upload your file, email your file to the professor before the deadline so that it can be
time-stamped. Please do not email your file unless you are sure that your submission has failed.
 Your files must be submitted using the Funding Request Form. If you submit a different
document, a 1-mark penalty will be applied.
 Your article topics must pertain to Astronomy and the articles must come from one of the
allowable sources listed in step 1 above. If this requirement is not met, you will not be given
credit for your submission.
 Your articles must have been published on or after the dates specified in the instructions. If this
requirement is not met, a 1-mark penalty will be applied.
 Your 3 chosen articles must be on different subjects (eg, stars, galaxies, planets, etc – refer to
the Research Information Form for the complete list of allowable subjects). If this requirement
is not met, a 1-mark penalty will be applied.
 Your report must be written using full sentences (ie, point-form answers are not acceptable)
and each section must be within the required word count range for each section.
 Your writing is expected to be free of spelling and grammatical errors. Refer to step 4 above for
suggestions for getting your work edited. If your work contains spelling and/or grammatical
errors, a 1-2 mark penalty will be applied.
NATS1745 • Term Project Instructions • Page 5 of 5
 Remember: your audience is not a specialist in your area of research. Your writing must
therefore be comprehensible to readers with no astronomy background. This means that all
astronomical terms or concepts used in the article must be defined or explained.
 Each section (A, B, C and D) has a specific purpose, so be careful not to repeat information that
you’ve already provided in an earlier section. When you read through your work, make sure
that every statement brings in a new piece of information or a new thought/idea.
 VERY VERY IMPORTANT: Your reports must be in YOUR OWN WORDS. Any quoting
from the article or other sources will not count toward your total word count.
PLAGIARSM: Plagiarism is a major academic offence and carries serious penalties, ranging from a
failing grade on the work in question to a failing grade in the course. Students who have not conducted
University-level research projects are encouraged to refer to York ’s Academic Integrity Tutorial at
www.yorku.ca/tutorial/academic_integrity/?g11n.enc=UTF-8. This is a very useful tutorial for learning
the important distinction between presenting someone else’s work and plagiarizing their work.
EVALUATIO: Each funding request will be given a mark out of 16, evaluated as follows:
Category To earn full marks for this section… Marks
All information must be correct and the summary must be sufficient
in length and depth, in the student’s own words, clearly described and
comprehensible to a reader with no science background.
The method must be described clearly & correctly and the description
must be sufficient in length and depth, in the student’s own words,
and comprehensible to a reader with no science background.
All results must be described clearly & correctly and the description
must be sufficient in length and depth, in the student’s own words and
comprehensible to a reader with no science background.
The argument for funding must be clear, thoughtful, convincing and
comprehensible to a reader with no science background as well as
sufficient in length and depth and in the student’s own words.
The evaluation of your work will be available approximately 3 weeks after each due date. Your mark
breakdown can be viewed as follows:
1. From the ‘Funding Request Upload’ link, click on the link to your submitted file in the ‘Grade’
column. This will open your file in the TurnItIn Document Viewer.
2. At the bottom-right corner of the Viewer, you’ll see 4 icon buttons. Click on the right-most button.
This will open up the ‘scorecard’, where you can see a breakdown of your mark.
PLEASE OTE: While we appreciate that students are anxious to receive their marks, please be
aware that high-quality and thorough marking of written reports is a time-consuming process. Students
are therefore asked to refrain from requesting their marks. A course announcement will be posted when
the marking has been completed for each set of reports.

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